Italy Rome Arch of Titus

The Arch of Titus is a triumphal arch with a single arch, located in the western part of the Forum in Rome. It is a masterpiece of Roman art, and is the monument-symbol of the Flavian period, thanks to innovations in both the architectural and structural, both in artistic and sculptural. It was dedicated to the Emperor Titus (emperor from 79 to 81) by the Senate, in memory of the war waged by Tito in Galilee. In 69, the year of four emperors, Vespasian returned to Rome to claim the throne, leaving Titus in Judea to put an end to the revolt, Jerusalem was sacked, the Temple destroyed, and most of the population killed or forced to abandon the city. On his return to Rome in 71 he was received in triumph. In the Middle Ages, the arch was incorporated into the fortress of the Frangipane and is represented in numerous prints crowned by battlements of brick, until the restoration of 1823 by Raffaele Stern and Giuseppe Valadier. From the sixteenth century, under the pontificates of Paul II and Sixtus IV, were made ​​some restorations that consisted of the demolition of some buildings on the south side and construction of a buttress. Then the arch was incorporated into the structures of the convent of Santa Francesca Romana and in 1812 began the intervention of who lead to the actual monument. The street level was lowered in 1901-02 to show the foundations of the arch. The arch is built of marble, travertine with a socket and an inner core in concrete.